Caterpillar Inc. shares CAT rose 3.3% on Thursday in premarket trade after the company reported a big revenue and profit beat, thanks to improved margins, better price realization, and a higher volume of sales. Net income increased to $1.94billion, or $3.74 per share, from the $1.54billion, or $2.86 per share, of the previous period. Adjusted earnings per share, excluding nonrecurring items, reached a record of $4.91. This was well above FactSet’s consensus estimate of $3.80. The company’s revenue grew by 16.7%, to $15.86 Billion, exceeding the FactSet consensus estimate of $15.10 Billion. Energy and transportation sales rose 24%, while resource sales increased…